In 2015, the United Nations’ member states adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for all people and for the planet. With the theme “Changing Our World: Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development”, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which contain 17 Goals and 169 Targets are global action plans for the next 15 years (effective from 2016 to 2030), to end poverty, reduce inequality and protect the environment. SDGs apply to all countries (universal), so that all countries without exception developed countries have a moral obligation to achieve the goals and targets of the SDGs.
Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (The 17 SDGs) were listed for countries to react to, and act on. The 17 SDGs are integrated—they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability. The 17 SDGs are no poverty; zero hunger; good health and well-being; quality education, gender equality; clean water and sanitation; affordable and clean energy; decent work and economic growth; industry, innovation, and infrastructure; reduced inequalities; sustainable cities and communities; responsible consumption and production; climate action; life below water; life on land; peace, justice, and strong institutions; partnership for the goals.
Law is specifically addressed in SDGs 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions). Effective rule of law reduces corruption, combats poverty and disease, and protects people from injustices large and small. It is the foundation for communities of equity, opportunity, and peace – underpinning development, accountable government, and respect for fundamental rights. To fully understand how the rule of law supports the SDGs, it is necessary to define the rule of law. It will be considered whether SDG 16 protects the rule of law by analysing eight key sub-elements to the concept of the rule of law.
Therefore, the Faculty of Law, University of Riau, intends to hold the third Riau Annual Meeting on Law and Social Sciences (RAMLAS) with theme “The Role of Law, Environmental Science and Policy for Sustainable Development Goals”. RAMLAS is organized to provide a platform for researchers and practitioners to stimulate a creative exchange of ideas and experiences concerning law and social sciences.